Her academic career began at the Kazan State University, Russia, and then at the University of Giessen, Germany, where she received her doctorate in 2009. From 2003 to 2008 she worked as a research assistant at the University of Giessen at the Collaborative Research Centre 434 “Memory Cultures“, and between 2007 and 2010 as a research fellow at the University of Bonn.
As a postdoctoral researcher, she was engaged with a multi-disciplinary group of doctoral students „Space and Power: Garden and City in early modern Europe“ at the University of Mainz in 2010-2012. As a leading investigator, she supervised a two-year research project „Circulation of News and Goods“ at the University of Tübingen in 2013-2015. The project explored transnational networks in the press market in the early 19C, illuminating the production and reception of several European journals published in Leipzig, Prague, Budapest, and St. Petersburg. From 2016 to 2018 she joined the Queen Mary University of London as a Marie Sklodowska-Curie Fellow while working on her book-length study „Aestheticization of Life and Cosmopolitan Modernity: The Poetics of Elegance in the Long 19th Century„. Then, in order to complete her
Ananieva was curator and co-curator of 6 exhibitions; she consulted a documentary series for the Franco-German TV network “Arte”, and has published 2 monographs, 4 edited volumes and 2 themed issues of journals leading in the field. Overall she authored 56 articles and book chapters published in German, Russian, English, and French. She has given numerous invited talks locally, nationally, and internationally.